Monilia

Characteristics: No information is available regarding health effects, or toxicity. Allergenicity has not been studied. A single case of human infection was reported in 1961.

Description: Monilia and Chrysonilia are closely related. Monilia is common and may be more common in the eastern and southeastern areas of the United States. The genus is heterogeneous and is not a natural grouping. Commonly grows in sterilized soil in the greenhouse as well as bread (called red bread mold). It has a very rapid growth rate and can be a formidable problem as a contaminant in the laboratory. A single case of human infection was reported in 1961, which was an endophthalmitis following cataract extraction. No information is available regarding other health effects, or toxicity. Allergenicity has not been well studied. May be identified on surfaces by tape lifts, tease mounts from bulk samples, and in the air by culturable (Andersen) and spore trap samples. (Spores are a form of arthrospore but are large, variable in size, and distinctive.) Natural habitat is said to be soil, according to some (but not all) references. Monilia sitophilia is not referred to as Chrysonilia sitophilia.


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