Trichoderma toxic mold, as an allergen, has been known to cause asthma and hay fever-type symptoms in genetically sensitive people.
Trichoderma toxic mold is both toxic and a pathogen.
- Allergen: coughing and sniffles
- Toxigenic: young, sick, and elderly
- Pathogenic: everyone
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Trichoderma is often found in soil, decaying wood, grains, citrus fruit, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, paper, textiles, and wood with a blue-green or yellow-green coloration with a tuft-like texture. It is disseminated as dry spore by the wind and also as a wet spore by rain, insects, and water splash. Indoors, growth is most common on paper, tapestry, wood, or unglazed ceramics.
As an allergen, Trichoderma has been known to cause Type I and Type III allergen symptoms including hay fever, asthma, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. As a pathogen, it has been known to cause pulmonary infections, peritonitis infection in a liver transplant patient, and is considered an opportunistic pathogen for immunocompromised patients.
As a toxigenic agent, Trichoderma produces trichothecene and cyclic peptides. Trichoderma may cause a mycotoxicosis similar to that caused by Stachybotrys chartarum; some of the metabolic substances produced are closely related to trichothecenes. Trichoderma harzianum pellets have been mixed with ground bark to protect trees and vegetable crops against infections from other plant pathogens. T. viride produces cellulase and hemicellulase used in commercial beer, wine, and food processing. It enhances the aroma of tea and mushroom products.
Additional information can be found at EMLab Fungal Library.
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