Fusarium toxic mold is an allergen; considered pathogenic, and toxigenic.
- Allergen: coughing and sniffles
- Toxigenic: young, sick, and elderly
- Pathogenic: everyone
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Fusarium toxic mold is often found in soil or as a plant pathogen as a saprophyte or parasite with a pink, orange, or purple coloration. It is spread as a wet spore by insects and water or as a dry spore by the wind.
For indoor growth, this toxic mold requires very wet conditions.
Fusarium toxic mold has been known to cause keratitis, endophthalmitis, onychomycosis, mycetoma, and disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients, infections in burn victims, and systemic opportunistic infections in severely disabled hosts.
Fusarium as a toxigenic agent, it produces trichothecenes (type B), T-2 toxin, zearalenone (F-2 toxin), vomitoxin, deoxynivalenol, and fumonisin. Zearalenone is not acutely toxic, and may actually have positive effects with controlled ingestion. Zearalenone has been patented as a growth stimulant in animals and has application as an oral contraceptive, and as an anabolic steroid.
Additional information can be found at EMLab Fungal Library.
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