Chaetomium toxic mold may cause allergic responses similar to asthma, hay fever, sniffles, and coughing. Chaetomium toxic mold is not toxigenic and an infrequent pathogen.
As a pathogen, it has been reported to be an uncommon agent of onychomyocosis (nail infection).
Chaetomium toxic mold is often found in soil, seeds, cellulose substrates, dung, woody, and straw materials. Spores are formed inside of fruiting bodies and are forced out an opening and spread by wind, insects, water splash, or any other sort of major disturbance.
Commonly found indoors on damp sheetrock paper.
As a toxigenic agent, it produces chaetomin, Chaetomium globosum produces chaetoglobosins. Sterigmatocystin is produced by rare species. Other compounds produced (which may not be mycotoxins in the strict sense) include a variety of mutagens.
- Allergen: coughing and sniffles
- Toxigenic: young, sick, and elderly
- Pathogenic: everyone
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Additional information can be found at EMLab Fungal Library.
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