Alternaria toxic mold is one of the most common fungi worldwide. Its colonies are generally found in soil, dead organic debris, on foodstuffs, textiles, and weakened plants with a dark olive green to brown coloration with a velvety texture.
It is disseminated as a dry spore through the wind. Most species of Alternaria toxic mold do not grow at 98.6° C.
As an allergen, it has been known to cause both Types I and III symptoms.
As a pathogen, it has been known to cause nasal lesions, subcutaneous lesions, and nail infections. The majority of infections occur in people with underlying disease or in those taking immunosuppressive drugs.
As a toxigenic agent, it produces alternariol (an antifungal), AME (metabolite), tenuazonic acid, and altertoxins. It can be used for biocontrol to kill weeds and plants.
- Allergen: coughing and sniffles
- Toxigenic: young, sick, and elderly
- Pathogenic: everyone
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Additional information can be found at EMLab Fungal Library.
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