Lead Paint Testing Clearance Inspections
Performing an abatement is necessary in order to maintain good health.
Abatement means any measure or set of measures designed to safely and permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards.
Lead clearance testing makes sense for numerous reasons:
- You can’t see lead.
- You can’t smell lead.
- You can’t usually taste lead.
Because of these reasons, clearance testing should absolutely be performed before rebuilding! Lead clearance testing uses lead test swabs (a baby wipe-like cloth) inside the square, black template you will see in your photos.
Lead removal includes, but is not always limited to:
- The removal of lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust.
- The permanent enclosure or encapsulation of lead-based paint.
- The replacement of lead-painted surfaces or fixtures.
- The removal or covering of lead-contaminated soil.
- All preparation, cleanup, disposal, and post-abatement clearance testing activities associated with such measures.
Projects require a written contract or other forms of documentation providing that an individual or firm will be conducting activities in OR to a residential dwelling or child-occupied facility. Specifically, lead removal will include, but will not be limited to:
- The permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards.
- Permanently eliminating lead-based paint hazards AND are described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this definition.
Most projects are resulting in the permanent elimination of lead-based paint hazards. These are conducted in response to state or local abatement orders!
Abatement does not include:
- Landscaping or other activities— when such activities are not designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards.
- Interim controls
- Maintenance activities
- Other measures and activities designed to temporarily, but not permanently, reduce lead-based paint hazards.
Abatement is designed to:
- Encapsulate all lead-based paints. This is often referred to as paint stabilization.
If lead-based paint is found and lead abatement is performed, before containment and engineering controls are removed, dust wipes are used for lead clearance testing. Lead wipes look similar to a baby wipe; however, a different chemical is used.
For lead clearance testing a 12” x 12” square is wiped vertically and horizontally covering the entire area once. This lead wipe is then put in a zip-lock bag and labeled. These lead test swabs are then analyzed by an environmental laboratory.
If the results from the lab show lead to be within an acceptable range, then containment and equipment are removed, and your contractor can then rebuild. A final lead clearance testing report is then issued.